20 years ago the winter night, Moscow over printed with a hammer, sickle red flag was lowered, a ranked Empire declared the disintegration of Eurasia for 70 years. 20 years later, the crowd of tens of thousands of demonstrators gathered in squares, parks,ray ban, downtown street to protest against the State Duma election results and attack to the Putin government and established institutions. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia for the first time facing such a severe political test.
a time when I read the end of the year, Yakovlev's memoir, The disaster of
Russia directly from the the revolution
This is an unusual memoirs.
Although the clues of personal experience is very clear, like childhood,louboutin pas cher, reading, and military life, engaged in different occupations, from newspaper editor to government officials, the book has described, but this brings out another clue - - the fate of Russia's history, change history, especially the history of the Soviet era --- account for a greater length. Obviously, Yakovlev, the intention is not to describe himself, he did not want to just exist as a lonely individual, but as a nation and the suffering of the witness to testify for the history.
memoirs Speaking from the Stolypin reforms. The author says that Stolypin Stead of the October Revolution by accident, even the eve of the revolution, the exiled Lenin said the revolution will be a matter of the next generation of people, we can see the revolution, he did not have adequate planning and preparation. However, more important, relative to the Stolypin reforms, the October Revolution is the excess of violence, it will be a destructive imposed on Russia. In the author's view, Russia's disaster did not begin with the Stalin era, the source is directly from the revolution, and it established the centralized.
the destructive power of the revolution, the deprivation of human life and the right to life. After the October victory, the authors used a lot of ink described the killing of the tsar family tragedy, followed by the revolutionaries, the seizure of newspapers, surveillance and arrest anarchists and socialists, collective exile of intellectuals in the development of cultural,franklin marshall, scientific community KGB spy , persecution of religious people a series of activities. Writes to deal with the cruelty of the clergy, such as scalping, suffering in a large pot of boiling tar, do communion with molten lead in water, push to Bingku drowned, and so on. Following the surplus-appropriation system, prohibition of free trade, forced labor, the authorities sent troops to the rural occupation. Forces armed with artillery, armored vehicles, until the aircraft. Reluctant to hand over grain farmers, announced as The Mariinsky County, will be arrested wealthy farmers were all strangled. The farmers up the rebels suffered repression in severity can be imagined, the whole process is extensive use of hostages and even environmental protection system, even at the cost of the use of asphyxiating gas. In fact, the army being used as an authoritarian tool the same can not be spared. During the war, only a military court the number of people sentenced to death, there are 15 divisions as much.
imprisonment, exile, death, and all kinds of slavery and terrorist cage cover the whole of the Soviet Union. In the past, we have been the misfortune of the Soviet Union with Stalin's name together. Indeed, until the Stalin era, the However, in the book can be seen, which abuse or kill the project pure invention for Stalin. Even the discussion of Stalin in the letter and broke the rule, the Soviet writer Solzhenitsyn wrote the
thriller I was able to understand in the book there is no absolute weak resilience of children in general, the living conditions under the Soviet system. In 1918 established from the concentration camps, took children as hostages, the child was sentenced along with their parents to become legal. In 1920, Arkhangelsk revolutionaries shot the 12-16 year-old children, so the city is called In 1935, the Central Executive Committee and the Soviet Union, People's Committee issued a decision to fight crime phenomenon with minors , including capital punishment. The possibility of Ye Ruofu issued in August 1937 order concentration camps, or to move to the In May 1941, the Interior Ministry issued a decision on intelligence communications network in the juvenile labor camp. During the Great Patriotic War, large numbers of children were expelled to Central Asia, Kazakhstan and eastern parts of the time, 'immigrants' mortality as high as 27 percent a year, most of them children. According to the instructions of the Politburo and Stalin, the Soviet regime, to establish a specialized children's disciplinary system, including children's camps and children's correctional facilities, motor acceptance of the dispensing station, a dedicated nursery and nursery. As Yakovlev pointed out, they use the resources of the entire system to the children Here,louboutin, children have to forget who he is, where was born; must forget who their parents are now where. 1939, Beria told Molotov suggested that the children took them to these re-named.
This is the The book that left me very alarming description, as quoted in the memoirs of the poet Kul quarter Ivanov. Day, the poet as an accountant to a concentration camp 诺里利斯克 baby hospital do asset registration:
the the and on the chest has a number, and prisoners, which is the number of their mother they are accustomed to see their all-around woman, but I heard a man, father, so rush over running towards me, shouted : 'Daddy, Daddy.' This is the most frightening: children who took the number plate shelf reads: 'thank Comrade Stalin brought us a happy childhood'. political ethics.
a wantonly kill children in the country and nation, destined to be no future. Children are a special group, and their suffering with the iconic show the sad reality of the people in totalitarian countries generally reduced to a powerless. Yakovlev served as the director of they have a responsibility to report on all these facts to the Russian society. Huge Soviet Union,lunettes ray ban, why actually can overnight quietly disappear? The fate of the empire, in fact, deeply rooted in the fate of the people - but also dark in the dark, it ultimately was the revenge of history, not because of the tyranny of the individual characters or policy errors, the system is the fundamental, so that disintegration is inevitable. in his memoirs, Yakovlev did not dwell too much on the disintegration of the Soviet Union events, in fact, he himself also when a certain responsibility to the collapse of the Soviet Union. For him,outlet hogan, the disintegration is not so much the end, no peace process, an overcome, the amendment process, that process of reform. Society, unless we do not reform, to reform the human purposes, the right to return to the people themselves.
reform is the basic theme of the book
Yakovlev experienced the history of professional training,hogan, this book is a twentieth century history of the grand narrative. In his book, a lot of precious historical materials, including archival material, as well as the fact that their own experience, as well as large amounts of data. All of these materials undergo a rigorous selection, different from the emotional writing personal memoirs; evaluation of a number of major events and important figures, display of superior knowledge of history. In addition, the author is an ideology of the Soviet Union, experts, political theorists and practitioners, political awareness is a strong and distinctive. Superimposed the eyes of politicians and historians pay special penetrating, we have seen, it runs through a variety of facts and issues of the former Soviet era to the post-Soviet era, and directed at one goal: to reform.
reform is the basic theme of the book. The first half of the Bolsheviks and Stalin's totalitarianism of the narrative, in fact, can be regarded as paving the way from Khrushchev to Gorbachev and Yeltsin, the long road to reform. Yakovlev, where so-called reforms, mainly referring to the political reform or political reform. He pointed out that economic liberalization, political despotism,abercrombie, For a totalitarian state, this can be said to hit the bull. Democracy and freedom are inextricably linked. Democracy first is freedom of choice, but he criticized that in this country, in all areas and all stages of the lack of choice. A still largely retains the authoritarian system, and simply not prepared to clean up the country, one is still not full freedom of choice of countries, there is a real market economy may have been introduced? He hoped that everyone involved in the process improve the life of the nation as a whole, hope everyone is doing great civic duty. However, he was well aware that this is only to be possible in the great civil rights case.
This is the reform of the full complexity and difficulty.
a very democratic point of view in the book, Yakovlev: the reform idea must have some kind of independence from the constraints of the reform advocates, the formation of the development of logic and a special type of revolutionary logic. That is, the social consciousness have the ability to truly digest the basic principles of the reform. These principles be summarized as: freedom of speech and publication of free, multiparty system, decentralization, private ownership, market relations. on the process,louboutin pas cher, the Yakovlev, first and foremost is how to deal with the absolute power. Russian reform, non-Bolshevik, de-Stalinization. Orthodox ideology called In addition to mandatory, but also to implement a proactive social KGB of a few decades, to create a large number of political victim. To this end, Yakovlev praised Khrushchev's revelations of Stalin's defended on the grounds that he managed to reach an agreement with the fate, stop the Bolshevik scourge, to make room for the new generation.
However, more than a few Soviet political reform at home can not be their reform in the end. The authors emphasized that the main reason of which is that they encounter the resistance of powerful bureaucrats refused. Khrushchev who, he made the 1956 Top Twenty The authors said, was the venue deathly silence, it does not even It is clear that Stalin's This is how a group? As the Supreme Soviet Chairman of the Bureau Mikoyan author said: The author writes: The authors concluded that it is these claiming that they The old bureaucracy into the new authority, the frightening thing is, the more greedy and shameless than the old bureaucracy, bureaucracy.
Yakovlev pointed out: where is the stubborn, unsinkable bureaucratic forces. Bureaucratic ruling group is essentially hostile to reform, if reform is not clear in the process of the forces, the day is bound to come to a standstill or retrogression. According to Yakovlev's view, the reform in Russia, Claiming to be turbid river wading through the the future, but did not show enough to grasp. He said in a statement that the re-discovery and accurate evaluation of the times yet to come. Title as The book ends on such a vague, noncommittal words: implementation of the reform of the book. Than the authors previously published in a cup of bitter, thinking more systematic, more in-depth and, therefore, appear to be more heavy. It makes me relive the whole history of Russian people living behind the Iron Curtain, and follow them with the Good Friday together to explore the ruins of the way out. Author from the CPSU senior, I am surprised that his betrayal is actually so thoroughly. With the past as saying, this is undoubtedly a rare teachers by negative example. It should be recognized that many of our orthodox point of view contrary to the book. However,abercrombie france, regardless of the reflection on history, or Reform, the book still has a lot to draw on. because Mr. referred Tao, the trust, the fortunate first to see the translation. Today will urge compliance with the translator, to write the book and probably a number of Suigan, make up a small text of a recommended prior to Chinese readers.
This article is the sequence of the
the □ Lin Xianzhi
(Editor: Lu Yang)
First , the common cold , in most cases do not need to use antibiotics unless secondary bacterial infection . Should be noted that the children drink more water and rest , rather than the addition of antibiotics .